Liraglutide belongs to a class of drugs called glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 receptor agonists) or incretin mimetics.
Incretin hormones are normally released from the small intestine into your blood after you eat. They cause insulin to be released by your pancreas into your blood. Insulin helps your body move sugar from the bloodstream to your cells, where it belongs. In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or it can’t use the insulin it makes.
This drug helps to lower your blood sugar levels by increasing the production and release of insulin from your pancreas, decreasing high glucagon secretions (high glucagon stops insulin release), and slowing the emptying of your stomach.