Description: Diclofenac, is a prototypical NSAID which has potent anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic actions.

Diclofenac is used to relieve pain, swelling (inflammation), and joint stiffness caused by arthritis. It may also be used for painful conditions (such as dental pain, muscle aches, pain after surgery or after having a baby).

How to use diclofenac

Take this medication by mouth. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this drug. If you experience stomach upset with this medication, you may take it with food, milk, or an antacid.  Swallow this medication whole. Do not crush, chew, or break the tablets, as this may increase side effects.

It may take up to 2 weeks of regular use before the full benefits of this drug take effect.

This drug should not be taken right before or after heart bypass surgery (CABG).

Older adults may be at higher risk for stomach or intestinal bleeding caused by this drug.

Stop taking diclofenac and get medical help right away if you notice any of the following rare but serious side effects: bloody or black/tarry stools, persistent stomach/abdominal pain, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, chest/jaw/left arm pain, shortness of breath, unusual sweating, weakness on one side of the body, sudden vision changes, slurred speech.

Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about the risks and benefits of treatment with this medication.

Side effects may range from mild to serious complications.  Consult your doctor immediately when you feel the following symptoms: Upset stomach, nausea, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, gas, headache, drowsiness, and dizziness, raise your blood pressure,swelling of the hands or feet (edema), sudden or unexplained weight gain, hearing changes (such as ringing in the ears), mental/mood changes, difficult/painful swallowing, unusual tiredness, change in the amount of urine, unexplained stiff neck, liver disease- dark urine, persistent nausea/vomiting/loss of appetite, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes or skin.

Seek emergency medical help if you expereince allergies (rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing) or the symptoms mentioned above while taking this drug.


Before using this drug, tell your doctor of the current medications, products (herbal/nonprescription) that you are taking especially of: asthma (including a history of worsening breathing after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs), bleeding or clotting problems, heart disease (such as previous heart attack), high blood pressure, liver disease, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), stomach/intestinal/esophagus problems (such as bleeding, ulcers, recurring heartburn), stroke.

Do not perform activities that require alertness such as driving and using machinery because this drug can make you dizzy.

Smoking and drinking alcohol increases risk of stomach and intestinal bleeding.

This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drugs.

For pregnant and nursing (breastfeeding) women, consult your doctor before using this medication.



Before using this drug, tell your doctor of the current medications, products (herbal/nonprescription) that you are taking especially of: aliskiren, ACE inhibitors (such as captopril, lisinopril), angiotensin II receptor blockers (such as valsartan, losartan), corticosteroids (such as prednisone), cidofovir, lithium, methotrexate, “water pills” (diuretics such as furosemide), anti-platelet drugs such as clopidogrel, “blood thinners” such as dabigatran/enoxaparin/warfarin, medications contain pain relievers/fever reducers (aspirin, NSAIDs such as celecoxib, ibuprofen, or ketorolac).


Symptoms of overdose may include: severe stomach pain, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, extreme drowsiness, slow/shallow breathing, seizures. Call emergency help right away.

Missed Dose

Take it as soon as you remember.  Do not increase the dose to catch up. If it is less than 6 hours until the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule.


Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets. Discard the drug properly- do not throw in toilet or sink.



Available Brands:

Acuflam [ Unison ] Boie Diclofenac Sodium [ Boie ]
Cataflam [ Novartis Healthcare ] Cataflam QS [ Novartis Healthcare ]
Cataflin [ Standard Chem ] Clofil [ Filadams ]
Curafen [ ACME ] Curafen-K [ ACME ]
Dafenac [ Gland Pharma ] Dictas [ Umedica ]
Difenax [ GXI ] Get-Go-Plus [ Brassica ]
Medclof [ Biolink Pharma ] Neo-Pyrazon [ UAP ]
Rheuflam [ Standard Chem ] RiteMED Diclofenac [ RiteMED ]
Subsyde-CR [ Raptakos ] Voltaren [ Novartis Healthcare ]
Voltaren Emulgel [ Novartis Healthcare ] Voltaren Rapid [ Novartis Healthcare ]
Voltaren Solution for Injection (I.M./I.V.) [ Novartis Healthcare ] Votan [ Taiwan Biotech ]
Zolterol [ CCM Pharmaceuticals ]


Also marketed as

Actifen CR [ Mega Lifesciences ] Artisin-S [ Syncom ]
Canefol [ Caplin ] Clofenex-50 [ XL Lab ]
Clofenix TR [ Aldril ] Denkoran [ E Denk ]
Diclogen [ Agio ] Diclogen Gel [ Agio ]
Diclonac [ Lloyd ] Diclowal/Diclowal-75 [ Euro-Therapeutics ]
Dicsod [ Medicaids ] Difenamin [ Flamingo ]
Diflapane [ Danlex ] Diflosid [ Geofman ]
Dolfen [ Swiss Parenterals ] Doloflam [ Biolab ]
Dycon SR [ Hovid ] Dyflaren [ Oriental Chemical Works ]
Dynapar AQ [ Troikaa Pharma ] Fenaspec [ Pharmaspec ]
Fendil [ Sinochem Ningbo ] Flexgel [ The United Drug ]
Klaxon/Klaxon SR [ Pasteur Pharma ] Lobafen [ IAE ]
Lofenax [ Geofman ] Parafortan [ Khandelwal ]
Phil Pharmawealth/Standard Chem Diclofenac [ Standard Chem ] Vifenac [ Pan-Ject Pharma ]
Vodefen [ Mercury Lab ] Voltaren Ophtha [ Novartis Healthcare ]
Voren Forte/Voren [ Yung Shin ] Voren Gel [ YSP ]
Zobid [ SM Pharma ]

Related Articles


UsesWarningsSide EffectsPrecautionsOverdose & BrandsUses Hema-K is used in the following conditions Used to treat and prevent low levels of certain [...]


UsesWarningsSide EffectsPrecautionsOverdose & BrandsUses Gaspen is used in the following conditions: Acid indigestion, heartburn, and gastric ulcers It works by [...]


UsesWarningsSide EffectsPrecautionsOverdose & BrandsUses Efotin is used in the following conditions: Used to treat anemia (a lower than normal number [...]