TB (tuberculosis) vaccination is used to prevent TB in children, adults, and babies who are at high risk of contracting the disease. It is an infectious disease that can be fatal if left untreated. It occurs after infection with the type of bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
TB is a condition that mainly affects the lungs but can also cause injury to other organs. When an individual with active tuberculosis in the lungs speaks or coughs, it circulates in the air. Individuals located near may then inhale the bacterium and become infected. But even so, not everybody who gets tuberculosis becomes ill.
TB infections are classified into two types: latent or inactive and active infections. In instances of latent tuberculosis, an individual’s immune system can combat the bacteria and stop the disease from progressing. On the other hand, a person with latent tuberculosis has no signs and cannot transmit the disease to others.
Who Should Have The TB (tuberculosis) Vaccination?
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccination is only advised for babies, adults under the age of thirty-five, and children who are at risk of contracting TB. The vaccine must be administered only once in an entire life.
Children Aged One To Sixteen Years
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccination is advised for all adults and older children at threat of tuberculosis, including:
- Children who have a higher risk of tuberculosis because they were not immunized.
- Anybody under the age of 16 who has traveled from a TB-endemic region of the world.
- Anybody under the age of 16 who lives with or is in close contact with somebody who has infectious tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccination is suggested for all newborns up to one year of age who:
- Are born in regions of the UK where tuberculosis is prevalent.
- Have a family who was conceived in a nation with a high TB prevalence.
- Live with or have close contact with somebody who has infectious tuberculosis.
Adults Between The Ages Of 16 And 35
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccination is suggested for individuals aged 16 to 35 who are in danger of occupational TB exposure, such as:
- Animal health staff and other workers, including abattoir laborers, who manage infected animals or pet materials.
- Laboratory or health personnel who have direct interaction with TB patients or highly contaminated clinical samples and equipment.
The TB vaccination is a safety precaution that can aid in the transmission of the disease. By using a weaker strain of the bacterium, it helps to stimulate the immune system and aids in the prevention of future infections.