PREMATURE OVARIAN FAILURE - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Medications
Hyaluron+collagen-Watsons Health


Premature ovarian failure is also known as primary ovarian insufficiency. This condition leads to the loss of normal ovary function in women starting the age of 40.This condition results to infertility, as ovaries will irregularly produce the hormone estrogen and will not regularly release eggs.

Premature menopause and premature ovarian failure are sometimes associated with each other but they definitely aren’t the same. When having premature menopause, your periods will stop and you can’t become pregnant. However, premature ovarian failure will make you have irregular or occasional periods for years and you might even become pregnant.

When estrogen levels in the body are restored, women can overcome premature ovarian failure complications. Osteoporosis can also be prevented as well.



Premature ovarian failure and menopause may have similar signs and symptoms because these two conditions are a result of having estrogen deficiency.

Below are the signs and symptoms of premature ovarian failure:

  • Difficulty conceiving
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Irritability or difficulty in concentrating
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Irregular or skipped periods (amenorrhea), which might be present for years or may develop after a pregnancy or after stopping birth control pills


Before making a diagnosis, your doctor will ask about your menstrual cycle, toxin exposure, exposure to chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and previous ovarian surgery.

Your doctor might recommend one or more of these tests if they suspect that you have premature ovarian failure:

  • Pregnancy test
  • Estradiol test
  • Prolactin test
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test
  • Karyotype
  • FMR1 gene testing



Treatment for premature ovarian failure may vary from a person’s signs and symptoms, and it will usually focus on developing estrogen deficiency complications.

Below are the recommended treatments to lower complications of premature ovarian failure. Your doctor might recommend:

  • Estrogen therapy.This prevents the risks of having osteoporosis and helps relieve some other symptoms of estrogen deficiency, such as hot flashes.
  • Calcium and vitamin D supplements. We may not get enough calcium and vitamin D from sunlight exposure. Before using these supplements, doctors might recommend  bone density testing first to get a baseline bone density measurement.

There is no proven treatment to restore infertility due to premature ovarian failure. However, with proper treatment and self-care, you can overcome the emotional difficulties and live a healthy life.

  • Learn about alternatives for having children.
  • Talk with your doctor about the best contraception options.
  • Keep your bones strong.
  • Keep track of your menstrual cycle.

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