A molar pregnancy happens when the tissue encompassing a fertilized egg grows abnormally. A scope of symptoms may show up by the fourth month of pregnancy, however, regularly molar pregnancy is found when a miscarriage happens. Treatment includes dilatation and curettage (D&C) following the miscarriage to expel molar tissue in the uterus that, if not evacuated, has a danger of forming into tumor.
A molar pregnancy is otherwise called a hydatidiform mole. The tissue encompassing the fertilized egg, which would regularly form into the placenta, shapes into a grapelike mass inside the uterus.
There are two types of molar pregnancy:
Partial molar pregnancy happens when both the placenta and fertilized egg develop abnormally.
Complete molar pregnancy means that there is an abnormal placenta but no embryo.
The symptoms of a molar pregnancy may include the following:
- Darkish brown to pink-red vaginal bleeding within the first trimester
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- Grape-like material coming out of the vagina
- Pelvic pain
- Enlarging abdomen
The OB Gyne doctor will review your medical history and do a physical examination. After that, he or she may request laboratory examinations such as the following:
- Transvaginal ultrasound, which can show that there is no embryo or fetus, a very small fetus, low to no amniotic fluid, ovarian cysts or a thick and cystic placenta.
- Complete blood count
- Clinical chemistry
- Thyroid function tests
A molar pregnancy can be treated with the following procedures, depending on your physician:
- Dilation and curettage (D&C)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) levels need to be monitored until it is normal.