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MOLAR PREGNANCY

MOLAR PREGNANCY

A molar pregnancy happens when the tissue encompassing a fertilized egg grows abnormally. A scope of symptoms may show up by the fourth month of pregnancy, however, regularly molar pregnancy is found when a miscarriage happens. Treatment includes dilatation and curettage (D&C) following the miscarriage to expel molar tissue in the uterus that, if not evacuated, has a danger of forming into tumor.

A molar pregnancy is otherwise called a hydatidiform mole. The tissue encompassing the fertilized egg, which would regularly form into the placenta, shapes into a grapelike mass inside the uterus.

TYPES

There are two types of molar pregnancy:

Partial molar pregnancy happens when both the placenta and fertilized egg develop abnormally.

Complete molar pregnancy means that there is an abnormal placenta but no embryo.

 

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of a molar pregnancy may include the following:

  • Darkish brown to pink-red vaginal bleeding within the first trimester
  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • Grape-like material coming out of the vagina
  • Pelvic pain
  • Enlarging abdomen

DIAGNOSIS

The OB Gyne doctor will review your medical history and do a physical examination. After that, he or she may request laboratory examinations such as the following:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound, which can show that there is no embryo or fetus, a very small fetus, low to no amniotic fluid, ovarian cysts or a thick and cystic placenta.
  • Complete blood count
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Thyroid function tests

 

TREATMENT

A molar pregnancy can be treated with the following procedures, depending on your physician:

  • Dilation and curettage (D&C)
  • Hysterectomy

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) levels need to be monitored until it is normal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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