Meningococcal disease is challenging to diagnose since the symptoms are similar to other infections, such as the flu. To diagnose this condition, your physician must detect Neisseria meningitidis bacteria. As a consequence, your physician will take a blood sample and conduct a lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to obtain spinal fluid for testing.
Your doctor will send these samples to a laboratory to determine whether or not the bacteria can be cultivated. If the results of the cultures are equivocal, your doctor may recommend more tests.
Antibiotics are used in the treatment of meningococcal diseases. If your physician believes that you have meningococcal illness, they will prescribe antibiotics prior to confirming your diagnosis. It is essential to begin counseling immediately.
Other therapies may be required, such as:
- Low blood pressure medications
- Oxygen therapy
- Surgical procedures for treating damaged or dead skin