LOW BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPOTENSION) - Overview,Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Medications
LOW BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPOTENSION) - WatsonsHealth

LOW BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPOTENSION)

Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is blood pressure that is sufficiently low so that the flow of blood to the organs of the body is insufficient and it causes the patient to develop shock.

Low blood pressure alone, without signs or symptoms, is not always unhealthy.

There are four types of blood pressure which are as follows:

  • Orthostatic or postural hypotension which can be caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure which standing up from sitting.
  • Postprandial hypotension), which is low blood pressure after eating
  • Neurally mediated hypotension which is due to brain disorders
  • Nervous system damage

The symptoms of low blood pressure include the following:

  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

Lack of concentration

DIAGNOSIS

The reason for low blood pressure can be investigated with blood tests, imaging studies, and cardiovascular testing to search for heart disease and arrhythmias.

The following may be done to diagnose hypotension:

  • Blood tests
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Stress test.
  • Valsalva maneuver
  • Tilt table test

 

TREATMENT

Treatment of low blood  pressure is determined by the underlying cause. If there is loss of consciousness and other more serious symptoms, seek treatment at a nearby hospital.

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