Your doctor will likely diagnose enteric fever based on your symptoms, travel, and medical history. Salmonella typhi is frequently found in blood culture or another bodily tissue or fluid, confirming the diagnosis.
The most accurate test for Salmonella typhi is a bone marrow culture. A tiny sample of your stool, bone marrow, blood, or urine is deposited on a specific medium for the culture. Under a microscope, the culture is examined for typhoid germs. It may perform other tests to confirm a typhoid fever infection.
Antibiotics are the only effective therapy for enteric fever.
Commonly prescribed antibiotics include:
- Azithromycin (Zithromax)
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
These medications may have adverse side effects, and long-term usage can develop antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Some people are resistant to antibiotics, necessitating the use of other treatments.
Besides, antibiotic-resistant infections are becoming increasingly widespread, particularly in developing countries, and chloramphenicol is no longer widely used to treat them. In recent years, salmonella typhi has developed resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, or ampicillin.
Other treatments may include: