Balantidium infection can be spread or acquired through ingesting food or water that is contaminated by intestinal protozoan parasite, as well as by coming into contact with infected persons or animal feces.
Intestinal protozoan parasite or also known as Balatidium coli is an uncommon parasite infection in the U.S. that infects people. Contaminated food and water can spread these parasites through the fecal-oral pathway. While most cases of balantidium coli infection are asymptomatic, those who also have other serious infections may endure ongoing diarrhea, severe abdominal discomfort, and occasionally a perforated colon.
Balantidium coli infection can be avoided when visiting endemic tropical areas by practicing proper hygiene. Even if they have detachable skin, wash all fruits and vegetables in clean water before cooking or eating them.