Anisakiasis infection is caused by worm larvae from the Anisakis simplex complex, as well as the Pseudoterranova decipiens complex and Contracecum osculatum complex, and other anisakid species. Anisakis is a parasite that lives in marine mammals’ gastrointestinal tracts.
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract’s mucosa becomes infected when raw or improperly prepared saltwater fish or squid are consumed; this can result in nausea and vomiting as well as abdominal pain. Endoscopy is employed for both treatment and diagnosis (such as removal of larvae).
Infection is particularly prevalent in places like Japan, Korea, and other regions where traditionally eating raw fish is popular.