Anal pain or proctalgia doesn’t have a definite symptom, but several conditions might occur which leads to discomfort and pain in your anus. The following conditions are considered to be likely the cause of such discomfort.
1. Sitting for a long time
The longer time spent sitting on a hard surface causes temporary anal pain. A shorter time spent sitting down doesn’t exempt you from feeling such pain. Sitting on a hard surface puts pressure on the anal nerves and muscles, which causes pain that could last for hours.
Diarrhea is often the result of having loose, watery stools or a frequent need to have a bowel movement. Diarrhea causes the need to have a bowel movement frequently; this results in the soreness of the anus. Wiping and cleaning the area makes the anal tissue raw and might probably result in bleeding.
Diarrhea does not usually last for a long time. Medical attention may be required if you experience the following symptoms:
- Syncope or temporary loss of consciousness
- Blood in your stool
- Black or discolored stool
- Diarrhea for more than two days
Injury obtained from falling in your butt could bruise or damage the skin, nerves or muscles around the anus. You may also fracture the bone around the anus. The pain you may feel depends on how severe the injury is, and it usually radiates from the anus to the lower back. You might feel a constant ache or throb with this kind of injury.
Anal fissure happens when there is a tear or split in the lining of the anus. It usually happens when you pass large or hard stools. Constant constipation and diarrhea might also tear the tissue around the anus. You may experience sudden and sharp pain in the anus. The pain might last for a couple of hours or days until the fissure heals.
Immediate medical attention is not always required when you experience fissures. However, if the pain gets significantly worse, you need to consider asking for medical help.
Swollen blood vessels in the lower part of your anus and rectum are known as hemorrhoids. Due to increased pressure on the anal area, it enlarges the blood vessels, resulting in hemorrhoids.
Constipation commonly causes hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids can be healed over time, but a severe case of hemorrhoids needs medical attention. See your doctor immediately, if you experience the following:
- Blood in your stool
- Sharp or severe pain every time you sit
- Trouble passing stool
Women in general experience menstruation every month. During the menstrual cycle, the rectum and anus are more sensitive. As a result, the anus may feel tender, sore or uncomfortable. Common period symptoms, such as bloating and diarrhea, can also worsen anal pain.
There is no need to seek medical treatment for these symptoms. They usually go away once the period is over.
7. Anal spasms (proctalgia fugax)
Anal spasms occur when you encounter an unexpectedly sharp, anal pain. They are more likely to occur if you have irritable bowel syndrome or anxiety. Anal spasms are commonly experienced by most people.
It is usually hard to determine the symptoms of anal pain. However, anal pain is commonly the result of non-cancer conditions, like hemorrhoids, anal fissures, or anal warts. Infrequent causes of anal pain, on the other hand, include cancer, prostate problems, or foreign bodies.
Anal pain only lasts for a couple of hours. However, if the following symptoms persist, you must immediately seek the help of a medical professional.
- Increasing severity of pain
- A foreign object is stuck in the rectum
- Bleeding from the rectum