Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a kind of blood cancer that originates in the leukocytes in your medulla ossium, mainly in the softer inside section of your bones. It arises from immature lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that plays a vital role in your immune response. Moreover, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia can also be referred to as acute lymphoid leukemia or acute lymphocytic leukemia.

The term “acute” refers to how rapidly it deteriorates. It is an uncommon kind of leukemia, or blood cancer in grownups, although it is the most prevalent variety in kids. Furthermore, acute lymphoblastic leukemia infiltrates your blood and can develop to your spleen, lymph nodes, and liver. However, unlike other forms of cancer, it seldomly causes tumors.


According to the system by the World Health Organization, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is divided into three subtypes:

  • Pre (precursor) T cell ALL
  • Pre (precursor) B cell ALL
  • Mature B cell ALL


  • Exhaustion
  • Flu
  • Appetite loss or weight loss
  • Sweating at night
  • stomach ache

Based on the area of the leukemia cells, you may also have:

  • A bloated or enlarged stomach caused by cancer cells in your liver or spleen
  • Joint or bone discomfort

If your cancer has progressed to your brain, you may experience headaches, difficulty with balance, vomiting, seizures, or impaired vision. Meanwhile, if it has spread to your chest, you may have difficulty breathing.


The following tests may be done to diagnose your condition:

Blood tests. The amount of each type of blood cell in your body is measured by a complete blood count.

Bone marrow examinations. To get a sample of medulla ossium, a biopsy needle will be placed into the bones in your chest or hips.

Imaging examinations. X-rays, CT scans, and ultrasounds can inform your doctor if cancer grows.


You might receive more than one form of therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. These are some examples:

Chemotherapy. Over a few years, you may be given various treatments that either kill or delay cancer cells.

Radiation treatment. If cancer cells have spread to your brain or bones, your doctor may use high-energy radiation to eliminate them.

Stem cell transplant. You acquire stem cells that will develop into healthy blood cells after receiving large doses of chemotherapy and probably radiation. They may be yours or from a donor.

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