Actinomycosis is diagnosed through an analysis of a fluid or tissue sample from the infected area. Your doctor will use a microscope to study the sample for Actinomyces bacteria. If the bacteria has yellowish colored granules, it is proven to be Actinomyces.
Antibiotics are considered as the main treatment for actinomycosis. High doses of penicillin are required to cure the infection. If you were allergic to penicillin, your doctor can prescribe you other antibiotics, like:
It will take up a year for the antibiotics to fully cure an infection.
Skin abscesses from the infection need to be drained or removed. If you developed actinomycosis due to the use of an IUD, the said device should be removed to avoid the development of an infection.
Let your doctor know if you have symptoms of actinomycosis. Early treatment reduces your chance of developing long-term complications that will need surgery.