BLADDER INFECTIONS IN TEENS AND ADULTS Overview, Facts, Types,Symptoms- Watsons Health
BLADDER INFECTIONS IN TEENS AND ADULTS

BLADDER INFECTIONS IN TEENS AND ADULTS

Bladder infections in teens and adults are caused by bacterial growth inside the urinary bladder. For people with decreased immune resistance, fungi can cause bladder infections too.

A bladder infection is a form of urinary tract infection (UTI). This may be from infections in any area in the urinary tract, for instance, the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra.

Microorganisms that enter through the urethra and move into the bladder cause bladder infections. Usually, the body removes microorganisms by flushing them out in urine.

Microorganisms can attach to the walls of the bladder and grow quickly. This overwhelms the body’s ability to destroy them, causing a bladder infection.

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of a bladder infection vary upon its seriousness. You’ll rapidly observe changes while urinating. Presumably, the most common symptoms include:

  • Pain during urination
  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Urinary frequency
  • Bad smell of urine
  • Urinary urgency
  • Cramping or heaviness in the lower middle or lower back

DIAGNOSIS

A doctor can diagnose your bladder infection by requesting for a urinalysis. This is a test performed on urine to check for:

  • White blood cells
  • Red blood cells
  • Nitrites
  • Microorganisms

TREATMENT

Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics that kill microorganisms and medications that relieve pain.

Medications

Oral antibiotics are used to kill bacteria that are causing the bladder infection.

Home treatment

When you have UTI, drinking more fluids can help flush the organisms out of your bladder. Water is best since it is free of caffeine and sugars, which are known bladder irritants.

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