Achondroplasia is a defect in the bones’ growth that results in disparity in the proportion of the individual’s body. Dwarfism is characterized by an individual that appears shorter than the average population of the same age. The individual affected by achondroplasia has an average length upper trunk and shorter extremities. This condition occurs in 1 out of 25,000 births in the United States alone and affects both males and females.
Studies have shown that the majority of cases of achondroplasia are not linked with heredity. However, if one parent has the condition, there is approximately a 50% likelihood that the child will be affected. If both parents have achondroplasia, there is a 50% chance of the child carrying the gene that causes the condition. Some cases have inherited achondroplasia so severe that the baby succumbs to death in utero.