WOMB CANCER

Womb cancer is a disease that primarily targets the female reproductive system. It is also known as endometrial cancer or uterine cancer. One of the most prevalent indications of womb cancer is heavy menstrual bleeding. Any genital hemorrhage is deemed unusual whether you have gone through menopausal. Irregular bleeding could include spotting throughout menstruation if you’ve not reached menopausal.

TYPES

Womb cancer is a disease wherein cancerous cells develop in the uterus cells (womb). Endometrial cancer, which would be more prevalent, and uterine sarcoma, which would be uncommon, are the two main kinds of womb cancer. Womb cancers are classified into many types depending on how the cells look under a microscope. They are as follows:

  • Endometrioid adenocarcinoma
  • Uterine papillary serous carcinoma
  • Uterine clear cell carcinoma
  • Uterine carcinosarcoma
  • Uterine sarcoma.

SYMPTOMS

Some of the most prevalent symptoms of womb cancer are as follows:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding that is abnormal for you
  • Between-period vaginal bleeding
  • After-menopausal vaginal hemorrhage or spotting
  • A change in your vaginal discharge

Other signs of womb cancer include:

  • A lump or swelling in the tummy or between the hip bones (pelvis)
  • Lower back pain or soreness between the hip bones (pelvis)
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Blood in your urine

These symptoms are relatively common and may be caused by various diseases. Having them does not always indicate that you have womb cancer.

DIAGNOSIS

If you see any indicators of endometrial cancer, consult your primary care physician or a gynecologist. Your doctor will inquire about your symptoms and also your health history. A pelvic exam will be performed to search for problems in your uterus and other reproductive organs. A transvaginal ultrasound examination may be conducted to look for cancers or other diseases.

If your doctor identifies any abnormalities during the ultrasound scan, they may prescribe one or more of the following procedures to obtain a tissue sample for testing:

  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Dilation and curettage (D&C)
  • Transvaginal ultrasound

TREATMENT

Womb cancer is often treated surgically by removing the fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. Another alternative is high-energy radiation treatment. Endometrial cancer medication therapies include chemotherapy with strong medicines and hormone therapy to inhibit hormones that cancer cells depend on. 

Other choices include targeted treatment, which uses pharmaceuticals to tackle particular flaws in cancer cells, and immunotherapy, which uses drugs to help your immune system fight cancer.

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