A thrush simply means yeast infection that appears as white patches in the skin. It may appear in the oral cavity or in the vaginal area. This is caused by a yeast known as Candida, that is normally found in the body but may grow out of control if the immune system becomes weak.
The following have a higher predilection in acquiring oral thrush:
- Babies, because their immune system is still not fully developed
- Older people, because they have weakened immune system brought about by aging
- People taking steroids, because the drug itself decreases the number of white blood cells in the body, which are important in the production of the T and B cells.
- Those with immunodeficiency syndromes, such as HIV, also have weak immune system because these diseases attack the body.
Oral thrush appear as white patches that stick to the tongue and the inside of the mouth.
In babies, oral thrush appear as white, cheesy curd-like patches in the tongue, associated with uncontrollably cry and decrease in feeding. In the event that this appears in the baby’s tongue, it is advised that the parents do not try to scrape it off, as it may cause bleeding in the tongue. Parents should bring their child in a doctor right away, so that the appropriate medication is given.