Tetanus (lockjaw) infection is caused by the Clostridium tetani bacterium. These bacteria release a toxin that causes painful muscular spasms when they enter the body. The spores may enter the body via damaged skin, commonly caused by traumas. When a person has tetanus infection, their neck and jaw muscles often lock, making it difficult to open their mouths or swallow.
Moreover, tetanus (lockjaw) infection may be life-threatening and has no known treatment. Treatment focuses on symptom management and consequences until the tetanus toxin’s effects wear off. Countries that are not current on their immunisations continue to be at risk from this illness. Tetanus is more prevalent in underdeveloped nations. In addition, tetanus cannot be passed to another individual, unlike other vaccine-preventable infections.