STOMACH CRAMPS - Watsons Health
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Stomach cramps are pain that may be felt anywhere within the abdominal area.

The stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas can have various problems and they may be sources of pain and cramps.

Food poisoning, indigestion, infections, and inflammatory bowel disease can trigger pain in the abdomen.

Severe abdominal pain is a greater call for concern. If it starts suddenly, it is a medical emergency.

Sometimes, stomach cramps are felt in the abdomen even though it is from the other organs. The causes can range from pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, and pregnancy-related causes.

The following are types of abdominal pain:

  • Localized pain which is limited only in one area of the abdomen due to stomach ulcers
  • Cramp-like associated with bloating
  • Pain with diarrhoea
  • Colicky pain in severe health conditions like gallstones or kidney stones


If you’re suffering from extreme abdominal pain, it may be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Vomiting blood
  • Difficulty of breathing
  • Painful and frequent urination

If the abdomen is tender to touch and if the pain lasts for several days, it needs immediate treatment.


The doctor will determine the cause of the abdominal pain by conducting a physical exam. An endoscopy may be done to determine the cause of the pain. Sometimes, imaging tests such as MRI scans, ultrasounds and X rays are also used to view organs in the abdomen to look for tumours, ruptures and inflammation.

Collecting blood, urine, and stool samples may also be used to look for evidence of bacteria and parasitic infections.



Stomach cramps are usually caused by bloating, dehydration, diarrhea and muscle strain that can be treated at home. Other abdominal conditions or severe stomach cramps usually require treatment from a medical expert. The treatment may include antibiotics and pain relievers.

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