SPOROTHRIX SCHENCKII INFECTION

Sporothrix schenckii infection, often called sporotrichosis, is a fungus-caused skin ailment. This fungus is more closely linked to yeast employed in beer brewing or to a mold found in dry bread than to a bacterium that usually causes diseases. Dirt, twigs, sphagnum moss, hay, or rose thorns are all home to the mold. Farmers, workers, nurseries, and gardeners who deal with roses, moss, hay, and soil are more likely to get infected. Furthermore, once the mold spores enter the skin, the condition might require weeks or even months to progress.

TYPES 

  • Cutaneous: This is the most prevalent kind of disease. It commonly appears on a person’s arm or hand upon coming into contact with polluted plant materials.
  • Pulmonary: Although uncommon, it may occur when a person breathes in fungal spores from the surroundings.
  • Disseminated: This type occurs when there is a spread to other portions of the body, like the central nervous system, joints, or bones.

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms vary depending on the kind of sporothrix schenckii infection and the location of the fungus within the body. In most cases, sporothrix schenckii infection impacts the tissues beneath the skin.

Cutaneous Sporothrix Schenckii Infection

Cutaneous sporotrichosis is often a tiny, painless lump that appears 1 to 12 weeks after fungal contact. The bulge, which may be purple, pink, or red, generally emerges on the arm, hand, or finger in which the fungus has invaded via a skin breach.

Pulmonary sporotrichosis is uncommon. Among the symptoms are:

Disseminated Sporothrix Schenckii Infection

The symptoms of this type vary depending on the affected body area. Infections of the central nervous system, for instance, may cause seizures, headaches, and problem thinking.

DIAGNOSIS

Your doctor will extract a tiny specimen, often known as a biopsy, from the contaminated part of your body for lab testing. Fungal cultivation is frequently performed in the laboratory to determine what produces the illness. Blood tests may aid in diagnosing serious sporothrix schenckii infections, but they seldom assist with skin infections.

TREATMENT

The medication for sporothrix schenckii infection depends on the disease’s location.

Infections In The Skin

  • Supersaturated potassium iodide solution
  • Itraconazole

Infections In The Joints And Bones

Medications frequently employed are:

  • Itraconazole 
  • Amphotericin (can only be given through an IV)

Infection In The Lungs

  • Potassium iodide
  • Itraconazole
  • Amphotericin

In some instances, infected lung regions must be eliminated.

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