Spina bifida is a congenital condition caused by a faulty spinal cord and spine development. The embryonic structure known as the neural tube eventually gives rise to the baby’s spinal cord, brain, and surrounding tissues.
The neural tube begins to develop early in pregnancy and generally closes 28 days after conception. It is a condition in which a portion of the neural tube doesn’t close or grow normally, creating issues with the spine and spinal cord bones.
Depending on the kind of lesion, size, complications, and location, the severity of spina bifida can vary from mild to severe. Surgery is sometimes used as an early treatment, though it isn’t always successful in curing the condition.