Scoliosis is the sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most commonly during growth spurt.
When a person with a normal spine, is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be straight. When a person with scoliosis is viewed from the same view, the spine appears to be curved.
Scoliosis may be caused by certain medical conditions like, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and Marfan syndrome. It may also be congenital, caused by a problem with the development of the spine in the womb.
In adults, age related changes in the discs and joints of the spine and a reduction in bone density may cause scoliosis. Adults can also experience worsening over time of previously undiagnosed or untreated scoliosis.
Risk factors for the most common type of scoliosis, include:
- Signs and symptoms typically begin during the growth spurt that occurs just prior to puberty.
- Although both boys and girls may develop scoliosis at the same rate, girls are more likely to develop more curvature in the spine, and may require treatment more often.
- Family history.