When someone is exposed to a hazardous substance, the sarin (GB) toxin develops. A nerve agent, sarin, is a chemical weapon created by humans. The most dangerous and quickly acting of the recognized chemical warfare agents are nerve agents. They function in a manner similar to that of some classes of insecticides (insect killers) known as organophosphates, as well as having similar negative consequences. Yet, compared to organophosphate pesticides, nerve poisons are significantly more toxic.

In 1938, German scientists created sarin as a pesticide. In its pure state, it is a transparent, flavorless liquid with no odor. Sarin, however, has the ability to turn into a vapor and disseminate throughout the surroundings.


The amount of sarin (GB) toxin a person was exposed to, how that person was exposed, and how long that exposure lasted all affect how severely a person is poisoned by sarin. After being exposed to sarin in either its liquid or vapor form, symptoms will likely develop shortly after exposure.

The following are symptoms and indicators of sarin exposure right away:

  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • Cough
  • Rapid breathing
  • Chest tightness
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Weakness 
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain

Sarin (GB) toxin can produce muscular twitching and sweat even after a minute of contact with the skin.

Any method of sarin exposure may cause the following detrimental health effects:

  • Paralysis
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Convulsions
  • Respiratory  failure


If a person was exposed to sarin toxin, it could be clearly determined by testing urine or blood. Other nerve agents will harm people in a similar way. Some nerve agents will likewise produce symptoms within a few minutes or seconds of vapor exposure and up to 18 hours following liquid exposure.


Sarin must be removed from the body as soon as feasible, and supportive medical treatment must be given in a hospital setting. Antidotes against Sarin are available. If administered as soon as feasible after exposure, they will be most helpful.

Hence, avoiding exposure is the recommended course of action:

  • Go outside and into fresh air by leaving the location where the sarin was released. Sarin vapor exposure can be prevented from being fatal by relocating quickly to a place with access to fresh air.
  • People should take off their clothes if they suspect they may have been exposed, quickly wash their full body with water and soap, and seek medical attention as soon as they can.

To avoid further problems, get medical help right away.

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