RHINOSINUSITIS – ACUTE, BACTERIAL

 

OVERVIEW

Mucosal inflammation of the nose and paransal sinuses caused by bacteria lasting >10 days for up to 4 weeks or symptoms worsening for 5-7 days within 10 days.

Often  preceded by a viral upper respiratory tract infection.

 

TYPES AND SYMPTOMS

  • Signs and symptoms are nonspecific and typically difficult to differentiate from viral upper respiratory tract infection.
  • There is fever with nasal obstruction/congestion or anterior and/or posterior purulent drainage, with or without facial pressure/pain/fullness and reduction/loss of smell.
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae and unencapsulated strains of Haemophilus influenzae cause half of acute rhinosinusitis cases.

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