Panniculitis is a term referring to the inflammation of the fatty layer underneath the superficial skin. It is common in women and are usually be seen affecting the lower extremities. It may also spread to the thighs, forearms and chest. This condition causes the skin to feel hardened and to develop painful nodules or dark patches. Panniculitis is likely to clear up within six weeks, but have a high index for recurrence.
Common causes of panniculitis include:
- Infection (viral or bacterial)
- Inflammatory disease (ie. Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis)
- Some medications (ie. Oral contraceptives or some groups of antibiotics)
- Faulty immune system attacking itself