Mucormycosis, also called zygomycosis, is a potentially fatal fungal illness caused by a class of molds known as mucormycetes. These fungi may be found anywhere. They are found in soil and decaying organic substances like rotting wood, compost heaps, and leaves.

Moreover, mucormycosis is spread when humans come into contact with fungal spores in the surroundings. Infections of the lungs or sinuses, for example, might arise after inhaling spores. Some kinds of mucormycosis are more frequent in people with health problems or who use drugs that weaken the body’s ability to fight sickness and germs.

It is critical to get treatment. This condition may be fatal if left untreated.


Types of mucormycosis include:

  • Pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis
  • Gastrointestinal mucormycosis
  • Rhinocerebral (brain and sinus) mucormycosis
  • Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis
  • Disseminated mucormycosis


Mucormycosis may develop as a skin or respiratory illness. Symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Nasal congestion
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Sinus pain

Mucormycosis may develop in any portion of your body due to a skin infection. It may begin at the site of skin damage, but it may swiftly spread to another location. Keep an eye out for signs such as:

  • Blisters
  • Redness
  • Tenderness
  • Blackened skin tissue
  • Fever
  • Swelling
  • Ulcers


Individuals with mucormycosis are frequently unaware of their condition. You may be diagnosed with the illness when you visit the physician for a sinus, skin, or lung infection. If you suspect an infection, you should talk to your physician.

Mucormycosis is diagnosed in the laboratory by examining a tissue sample. If you have a sinus infection, your specialist may take a sample of your nasal discharge or phlegm. In the event of a skin infection, your doctor may additionally clean the affected area.


Receiving intravenous (IV) antifungal medicines and surgical debridement are the initial measures in treating mucormycosis. Surgical debridement entails removing all contaminated tissue. It has been shown that eliminating diseased tissue prevents the illness from spreading further.

If you react well to IV treatment and tissue removal, the medical professional may remove and replace the IV with oral drugs.

Your doctor may prescribe the following antifungal drugs, given through an IV or orally, to treat mucormycosis:

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