Miscarriage is an event that results in the loss of a fetus during early pregnancy. Also called spontaneous abortion (SAB), this typically occurs during the first half of pregnancy. The cause of miscarriage varies from person to person, and in many cases, the cause is unknown. It is important for all pregnant women to know the facts about this condition so that they can better recognize the signs and risk factors associated with miscarriage.

The symptoms of a miscarriage vary depending on the stage of pregnancy you’re in. Here are some of the warning signs of a miscarriage:

  • Mild/severe back pain
  • Heavy spotting
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Expulsion of tissue with clots from the vagina
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Cramps

It is important to call your doctor right away if you experience any one or more of these symptoms.


The doctor will likely recommend tests to detect any problems that may have caused your previous miscarriage. These may include:

  • Blood tests to detect hormone imbalances
  • Chromosome tests (done through blood and/or tissue samples)
  • Pelvic and uterine exams
  • Ultrasounds

Depending on your overall health, the doctor might recommend that you wait several months before getting pregnant again. Periodic testing throughout your pregnancy may also be required.



If this is a first pregnancy, the mother’s general health should be a priority to help prevent miscarriage. Avoid alcohol, drugs, and smoking, and limit the amount of caffeine ingested into the body. Prenatal vitamins can help support even the healthiest of diets to ensure that the mother and the baby can get all of the nutrients needed. Light regular exercise can also improve fetal health, but a consultation must be done first before starting a brand new regimen.

Miscarriage is traumatic, and there are a wide range of emotions to deal with. Therapy may be advised in order to lessen the grief and depression that comes after a miscarriage.

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