Malocclusion and orthodontics deal with the misalignment of the teeth, wherein the teeth depart from their normal arrangement with other teeth in the same or opposite arch. Most of the time, this disorder is a cosmetic issue, meaning that individuals don’t like how their teeth seem. This could, however, have a detrimental impact on confidence. 

Furthermore, crooked teeth are difficult to maintain, leading to dental decay or dental problems. When malocclusion is extreme, it may make eating and speaking difficult.


There are many types of malocclusion, including:

  • Overcrowding – arises from a shortage of space caused by overlapping or uneven teeth.
  • Openbite – is an aperture that goes directly into the mouth when the upper and lower frontal teeth do not overlap. 
  • Overjet – the upper front teeth expand horizontally further than the bottom front teeth, impacting eating and speaking abilities.
  • Spacing – causes crowding and perhaps affects the emergence of primary teeth.
  • Diastema – is termed “gap teeth,” and it’s most commonly found in the front two teeth.
  • Missing tooth – is called hypodontia, which may be caused by trauma.
  • Impacted tooth – not able to burst spontaneously through the gum’s coating.
  • Overcrowding –  is a prevalent orthodontic problem usually caused by a shortage of space.
  • Crossbite – occurs when the top teeth come into contact with the bottom teeth.
  • Underbite – the bottom front teeth are substantially more forward than the top front teeth.


Malocclusion and orthodontics may encounter the following in general:

  • Crooked teeth
  • Pain while biting or swallowing
  • Issues with speech
  • Breathing problems
  • Frequent biting
  • Face modifications


In youngsters, a dentist looks for malocclusions and orthodontics is applied. The dentist asks for a routine dental appointments. If your jaw is out of alignment, you should see an orthodontist that will:

  • Inquire about your child’s previous health.
  • Examine your mouth and teeth.
  • Perform X-rays and pictures of the teeth and face.
  • Make a tooth model out of plaster.


The following therapies are required in malocclusion and orthodontics:

  • Baby teeth removal. It is done to provide space for permanent teeth to emerge.
  • Growth adjustment. This medication is most effective when a youngster is going through growth spurts. The youngster wears a gadget to shift the jaw into a healthier position.
  • Braces. Adults might also benefit from braces to straighten their teeth.
  • Retainer. Teeth often wander out of position after braces therapy, so you’ll need to use this gadget.

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