Leprosy_1 - WatsonsHealth


Leprosy is a chronic infectious ailment that particularly affects the peripheral nerves, skin, upper respiratory tract, eyes, and nasal mucosa (lining of the nostril). The disorder is because of a bacillus (rod-formed) bacterium referred to as Mycobacterium leprae.

Leprosy is a slowly developing, current disease that damages the skin and nervous system. It occurs as a result of an infection with Mycobacterium leprae or M. Lepromatosis microorganism.

Early signs and symptoms start in cooler regions of the body and consist of loss of sensation.

Signs of leprosy are painless ulcers, and skin lesions of hypopigmented macules (flat, faded regions of skin), and eye problems (dryness, decreased blinking). Later, massive ulcerations, loss of digits, and skin nodules, and facial disfigurement may additionally develop.

The infection can spread from person to person through nasal secretions or droplets. Susceptibility to getting leprosy can be due to human genes. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of leprosy.

Unfortunately, the early signs and symptoms of leprosy are vague and occur slowly (usually over years). The signs and symptoms are similar to the ones that can arise with syphilis, tetanus, and leptospirosis.

The following are the fundamental symptoms and signs of leprosy:

  • Numbness
  • Loss of temperature sensation
  • Touch sensation decreased
  • Pins and needles sensations
  • Pain (joints)
  • Nerve injury
  • Weight loss
  • Blisters and/or rashes
  • Ulcers, often painless
  • Skin lesions of hypopigmented macules
  • Eye damage (dryness, reduced blinking)
  • Large ulcerations
  • Hair loss ( such as lack of eyebrows)
  • Loss of digits
  • Facial disfigurement (such as loss of nose)


A skin biopsy is often used to diagnose leprosy. If you have the symptoms of leprosy, a lepromin skin test may be done along with the biopsy to confirm both the presence and type of leprosy.



The majority of instances are handled with antibiotics. The suggested antibiotics, their dosages, and duration of time are based on the stage of the disease.

Paucibacillary leprosy is treated with antibiotics such as dapsone and rifampicin, while multibacillary leprosy is treated with the same plus another antibiotic, clofazimine.

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