LEG ULCER

Leg ulcer refers to any filled tissue breakdown on the legs caused by any source. It can be either severe or persistent. Moreover, leg ulcers are associated with various pathological conditions, most prevalent of which are artery, vascular, or neuropathy illnesses.

SYMPTOMS

Leg ulcers are open, sometimes painful skin sores that may take up to a month to cure. They often appear on the inner of the thigh, slightly above the ankle.

The symptoms of leg ulcer might vary based on its etiology. Some of its common symptoms include:

  • Ankle swelling (oedema)
  • Legs having red, peeling, scaly, and itchy skin (varicose eczema)
  • Veins in your legs that are swollen and enlarged (varicose veins)
  • Skin discoloration and browning around the ulcer
  • Hardened skin around the ulcer that might cause your leg to feel rigid 
  • A heavy sensation in your legs
  • Pain and swelling in your legs
  • Foul-smelling discharge from the ulcer

DIAGNOSIS

If you suspect you have a leg ulcer, consult your physician. Without specialized care, the ulcer is unlikely to heal. Your symptoms and an examination of your afflicted limb are used to get a diagnosis. In certain cases, additional testing may be necessary.

Your doctor or nurse will inquire whether you have any additional signs of venous leg ulcers, such as ankle swelling and discolored or hard skin. Your physician will also ask about any underlying medical illnesses or past injuries, such as leg injury or surgery, diabetes, previous leg ulcers, and deep vein thrombosis.

If your GP or practice nurse is satisfied with your circulation, they may immediately begin therapy with compression bandaging or compression stockings.

TREATMENT

Your doctor will evaluate you to determine the kind of leg ulcer you have and the reason for it. Depending on the type of leg ulcer, a particular dressing and a bandage or compression stocking over the ulcer are required.

The pressure in the veins will be reduced by raising the leg. Lift your leg as much above the level of your heart as possible to help in the treatment of a leg ulcer.

Antibiotics may be required if the ulcer is infected.

Your doctor may also treat the underlying vein problems that caused the ulcer. This may sometimes need surgery.

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