LABOR AND DELIVERY

While a full-term baby takes nine months to develop, labor and delivery can take days or even hours. The process of labor and delivery, on the other hand, is what tends to captivate the minds of prospective parents the most.

Every pregnancy is unique, and the length of labor varies greatly. Labor might take anywhere from ten to twenty hours for first-time mothers. However, for some women, it lasts much longer, while for others, it lasts much shorter.

SYMPTOMS

If you’re experiencing sensations like these, it’s likely that labor has begun or will begin shortly.

  • an increase in uterine pressure;
  • a fluctuation in the energy levels;
  • a bloody discharge.

When contractions become consistent and painful, it’s most likely that you’re in labor.

Braxton Hicks Contractions

Most women start having irregular contractions at about 20 weeks of pregnancy. They’re called Braxton Hicks contractions and are usually painless. At most, they’re unpleasant and irregular. Braxton Hicks contractions can be triggered by a surge in either mother’s or baby’s movement or by a full bladder. Nobody fully comprehends the significance of Braxton Hick’s contractions during pregnancy.

They may assist preserve uterine health during pregnancy or ready the uterus for delivery by promoting blood flow. The cervix does not dilate during Braxton Hick’s contractions. Braxton Hicks aren’t likely to have painful or regular contractions. Instead, these are the kinds of contractions that should send you to the doctor.

Initial Phase of Labor

There are three stages to labor and delivery. The beginning of labor, as well as complete cervical dilation, are included in the first stage of labor. This stage is further divided into three sections.

  • Early labor
  • Active labor
  • Transitional labor

Second Phase of Labor

  • Delivery

Third Phase of Labor

  • Delivery of placenta

Pain Reduction

Modern medicine can offer a number of choices for coping with pain and difficulties that may arise during labor and delivery. Some of the available drugs are listed below.

Narcotics

During childbirth, narcotic drugs are routinely used to relieve discomfort. Because they cause severe maternal, fetal, and neonatal sedation, their usage is restricted to the early stages.

Epidural

This is the most common technique of pain management. During delivery, as well as during a cesarean birth, it is utilized to administer an anesthetic (C-section).

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