HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS 9-VALENT VACCINE

KASTAIR

Kastair is used in the following conditions:

  • Asthma: Montelukast is commonly prescribed as a long-term controller medication for asthma in both adults and children. It helps to prevent asthma symptoms by blocking the action of leukotrienes, which are substances that cause inflammation and constriction of the airways. It is not intended to be used as a rescue inhaler for acute asthma attacks, but rather as a maintenance medication to reduce the frequency and severity of asthma symptoms.
  • Allergic Rhinitis: Montelukast can be used to relieve symptoms of allergic rhinitis, commonly known as hay fever, caused by seasonal allergies. It helps to alleviate symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, and itching by blocking the effects of leukotrienes in the nasal passages.
  • Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB): Montelukast can also be used to prevent exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, which is a temporary narrowing of the airways that occurs during or after exercise in individuals with asthma or exercise-induced asthma. Taking montelukast before exercise can help to reduce this bronchoconstriction and make physical activity more comfortable.

This medicine may be recommended for different uses. Approach your physician or pharmacist for more information.

Do not use Kastair in people with the following conditions:

  • Hypersensitivity: Montelukast is contraindicated in individuals who have known hypersensitivity or allergy to montelukast or any of its components. If you have experienced an allergic reaction to montelukast in the past, it is important to inform your healthcare provider.
  • Acute Asthma Attack: Montelukast should not be used to treat acute asthma attacks. It is not a rescue medication and is not intended for immediate relief of asthma symptoms during an attack. Instead, it is used as a long-term controller medication to manage and prevent asthma symptoms.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: The safety of montelukast during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been fully established. It is generally recommended to avoid montelukast unless the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare provider before using montelukast.
  • Severe liver impairment: Montelukast is metabolized in the liver, and severe liver impairment can affect its clearance from the body. In individuals with severe liver impairment, the use of montelukast may be contraindicated or require dose adjustment. Your healthcare provider will assess your liver function before prescribing montelukast.

Kastair may have the following side effects:

  • Headache: Headaches are one of the most commonly reported side effects of montelukast. They are usually mild and temporary, but if they persist or become severe, it’s important to inform your healthcare provider.
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms: Some individuals may experience gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, or indigestion. These symptoms are usually mild and resolve on their own. If they persist or worsen, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Allergic reactions: Although rare, montelukast can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Signs of an allergic reaction may include rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or trouble breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.
  • Behavioral and mood changes: In rare cases, montelukast has been associated with behavioral and mood changes, including agitation, aggression, anxiety, depression, irritability, and suicidal thoughts. If you notice any significant changes in your mood or behavior, it is important to inform your healthcare provider.
  • Sleep disturbances: Some individuals may experience sleep-related side effects, such as vivid dreams, nightmares, insomnia, or sleepwalking. If these symptoms become bothersome or affect your daily functioning, discuss them with your healthcare provider.

Keep in mind that your physician has recommended this drug since he or she has known that the advantage to you is more noteworthy than the risk of adverse reactions. Many individuals utilizing this medicine don’t have serious side effects.

A serious allergy to this medication is uncommon. In any case, seek emergency medical help if you see any manifestations of a serious allergic response, including a rash, tingling or swelling particularly of the face or tongue or throat, dizziness or difficulty in breathing.

This is not a complete list of side effects. If you see other effects not recorded above, contact your physician or pharmacist.

Precautions

Take extra caution in patients with the following medical conditions:

  • Asthma attacks: Montelukast is not intended to treat acute asthma attacks. It is a long-term controller medication used to manage and prevent asthma symptoms. If you experience an acute asthma attack, you should use your rescue inhaler or seek immediate medical attention as directed by your healthcare provider.
  • Mental health changes: Montelukast has been associated with behavioral and mood changes, including agitation, aggression, anxiety, depression, irritability, and suicidal thoughts. If you have a history of mental health conditions or notice any significant changes in your mood or behavior while taking montelukast, it is important to inform your healthcare provider.
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome: Rarely, montelukast has been associated with the development of a condition called Churg-Strauss syndrome, which is characterized by blood vessel inflammation. If you experience worsening asthma symptoms, flu-like symptoms, numbness or tingling, or a rash while taking montelukast, seek immediate medical attention.
  • Use with caution in liver disease: Montelukast is metabolized in the liver, so individuals with liver disease may require dosage adjustments or closer monitoring. Inform your healthcare provider if you have a history of liver disease or if you develop any signs of liver dysfunction while taking montelukast, such as yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), dark urine, or persistent fatigue.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: The safety of montelukast during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been fully established. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare provider before using montelukast.
  • Drug interactions: Montelukast may interact with other medications, including certain anticoagulants, phenobarbital, and rifampin. Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications and supplements you are taking to avoid any potential interactions.

Prior to taking this medicine, tell your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to it, or if you have some other hypersensitivities. This drug may contain inert ingredients which can cause unfavorable side effects or different issues. Talk with your pharmacist for more information.

Interactions

Kastair may interact with the following medicines:

  • Phenobarbital, phenytoin, and rifampin: These medications can increase the breakdown of montelukast in the liver, potentially reducing its effectiveness. If you are taking any of these drugs, your healthcare provider may need to adjust your montelukast dosage or consider alternative treatments.
  • Warfarin and other anticoagulants: Montelukast may enhance the effects of certain anticoagulants, increasing the risk of bleeding. If you are taking warfarin or other anticoagulants, your healthcare provider may need to monitor your blood clotting parameters more frequently.
  • Other asthma medications: Montelukast is often used in combination with other asthma medications, including inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators. These combinations are generally safe, but it’s important to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and inform them about all the medications you are using for asthma management.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): Montelukast may interact with NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, in individuals with asthma. This interaction can increase the risk of asthma-related symptoms. If you need to use NSAIDs, discuss it with your healthcare provider to determine the best approach for your individual situation.

Inform your physician about the drugs you take including over-the-counter medications, prescribed drugs, supplements and vitamins.

This is not a complete list of drug interactions. Approach your physician or pharmacist for more details.

The effects of certain medications can change if you consume different medications or herbal products simultaneously. This can build your risk for side effects or may cause your drugs not to work effectively. These interactions are conceivable, yet don’t generally happen. Your physician or pharmacist can prevent or oversee interactions by changing how you utilize your prescriptions or by close checking.

While utilizing this drug, don’t start, stop, or change the dose of other medicines you are using without your physician’s advice.

If you suspect an overdose, contact your doctor right away.

Available Brands:

  • Kastair

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