Physician may do/request:
- History & Physical Exam
- Blood Sugar Levels
- Urine tests for glucose or other chemicals your body produces when it lacks insulin
Long and healthy lives are compatible with people who have Type 1 diabetes as long as the blood sugar levels are kept within the prescribed range given by the physician. Constant monitoring and adjustments in insulin, food and exercise are important.
Insulin injections are used to control blood sugar.
Main concepts of Insulin use:
- Amoung of time before insulin begins lowering blood sugar
- Peak Time
- Optimum time of effect of insulin in lowering blood sugar
- Amount of time insulin works after peak time
Types of Insulin:
|Regular or short-acting
Your physician may initially prescribe 2 injections of 2 different kinds of insulin per day and may progress to 3-4 shots per day.
Insulin may come in a glass vial in which you will need to draw with a syringe with a needle and give the shot yourself. It may also come as a prefilled pen, an inhaler or a wearable pump device that delivers the insulin via a small tube. The method of delivery best for you will be discussed and recommended by your physician.