Hoarseness or dysphonia happens when your voice sounds strained, raspy, or breathy. The softness or loudness (volume) when you speak might differ, and so may the lowness or highness (pitch) of your voice. Most of them are not severe and disappear in a short period.
Generally, the most common cause of hoarseness is an injury or irritation of your vocal cords. This condition often occurs with people who smoke, as well as those who use their voices in their occupations, such as call center operators, sales representatives, lecturers, and singers. Nevertheless, it is a very common condition, which anyone at any age may experience.
Moreover, hoarseness can also be a result of stress and underlying conditions. Hence, if you suffer from persistent hoarseness that does not go away from OTC medications and home remedies, it would be best to seek medical help.