Through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest, a hiatal hernia occurs through a bulging of the stomach.
The hiatus is the small opening of the diaphragm in which our food tube passes before going to the stomach. It will push up through that opening, further leading to hiatal hernia.
A small hiatal hernia causes no harm. One can never discover it unless a trained person or a doctor check your condition. It can undergo to heartburn. To relieve symptoms, medications can help.
Bulging of muscle tissue due to weakened muscle can cause a hiatal hernia, especially in the following conditions.
- Changes in your diaphragm due to age
- Injuries to the area, like after trauma or some types of surgery
- Being born with an unusually large hiatus
- Acquired pressure on the surrounding muscles, such as while coughing, vomiting, straining during a bowel movement, exercising or lifting heavy objects
Hiatal hernia is most common in people who are:
- Age 50 and up