Hammertoes - WatsonsHealth


A hammer toe is a deformity that makes your toe curl or bend downward instead of pointing ahead. This deformity can affect any toe of your foot. It usually affects the second or third toe. Although a hammer toe may not be obvious at the start, it usually develops through the years because of using ill-fitting footwear, or tight, pointed heels, or arthritis. In many cases, a hammer toe is treatable.

A hammertoe is a toe that is bent because of a weakened muscle. The weakened muscle makes the tendons (tissues that connect muscle mass to bone) shorter, causing the feet to twist beneath the toes. Hammertoes can run in families. They also can be because of footwear that is too short.

Hammertoes can give rise to symptoms such as:

  • Blisters
  • Bunions
  • A toe that bends downward
  • Corns or calluses
  • Trouble taking walks
  • Incapacity to flex your foot or wiggle your feet
  • Claw-like toes


A doctor can generally diagnose a hammer toe through a physical examination. Imaging studies, which includes X-rays, can be essential if you have bone, muscle, or ligament damage in your toe.



Mild Hammer Toe

You can treat a hammer toe by means of using good shoes. If you have a high arch, using toe pads or insoles on your shoes can assist. These pads shift your toe’s function, which reduce pain and corrects your toe problem.

You can also use over the counter (OTC) cushions, pads, or medicines to treat bunions and corns. Your medical doctor may additionally choose to surgically remove them.

Don’t pop any blisters on your feet. Popping blisters can cause pain and infection. Use OTC creams and cushions to alleviate pain and preserve blisters from rubbing towards the internal of your shoes.

Gently stretching your toes can also help relieve pain and reposition the affected toe.

Severe Hammer Toe

If you’re unable to flex your toe, surgical operation is the only choice to restore motion. Surgery can reposition the toe, put off deformed or injured bone, and realign your tendons. Surgery is typically accomplished on an outpatient basis, so you can go back home after your surgery.

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