Glanders [Burkholderia Mallei] is a bacterial infection triggered by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei. While humans can contract glanders, it is mainly a horse disease. It also directly impacts mules and donkeys and can be contracted normally by dogs, goats, and cats.
The bacteria that generate glanders are spread to humans via contact with contaminated animals’ tissues or bodily fluids. The bacteria penetrate the body through abrasions, skin cuts, and mucosal surfaces. It can also be inhaled through infected aerosols or dust infected by contaminated animals.