GILBERT’S DISEASE

Gilbert’s disease is a hereditary liver ailment that impairs bilirubin metabolism. As the body degrades old RBCs, bilirubin, a yellow liquid waste, is produced spontaneously. Gilbert’s disease is a hereditary liver ailment that impairs bilirubin metabolism. As the body degrades old RBCs, bilirubin, a yellow liquid waste, is produced spontaneously.

The digestive system includes your liver. Bile, a digestive fluid created by the liver that aids in the body’s absorption of fat, contains bilirubin. Blood pollutants are removed, lipids are digested, and glucose is stored as glycogen to be used as energy.

SYMPTOMS

Gilbert’s disease might manifest in some people without any symptoms. After having blood tests to look for another issue, they may discover that they have the condition. Jaundice, which is caused by increased bilirubin levels in the blood, is the most typical sign.

Often, individuals with Gilbert’s disease or jaundice will also experience:

  • Dizziness
  • Clay-colored stool 
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Concentration problem
  • Flu-like symptoms

In Gilbert’s syndrome patients, the following can exacerbate symptoms and increase bilirubin levels:

  • Menstruation
  • Skipping meals or fasting
  • Infections
  • Stress
  • Overexertion 

Gilbert’s syndrome is a mild disease. It doesn’t result in long-term issues or serious health issues. However, be sure to seek professional advice if you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms.

DIAGNOSIS

Gilbert’s disease is a hereditary ailment that manifests at birth. Until high bilirubin levels are found via blood tests, it frequently goes undetected. When persons are in their teens or early 20s and having blood testing for another reason, a diagnosis is most frequently made.

Blood testing may also be combined with:

  • Genetic testing. This is done to look for the gene mutation that results in Gilbert’s syndrome.
  • Liver function test. This will measure your bilirubin levels and evaluate how your liver is functioning.

TREATMENT

Gilbert’s disease is a lifetime condition. But since it does not endanger health, bring about difficulties, or increase the risk of liver disease, it does not necessitate treatment. Jaundice episodes and any accompanying symptoms are often temporary and eventually go away. So, patients with Gilbert’s syndrome can enjoy long, healthy lives. They will not experience any long-term health issues from the condition.

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