Gayet-Wernicke syndrome is a mental illness caused by a deficiency in vitamin B-1, often known as thiamine. Korsakoff syndrome and Wernicke’s disease are two different illnesses that can take place in this syndrome. The indications of WD are usually the first to appear. Wernicke’s encephalopathy is another name for Wernicke’s disease.
In 1881, Carl Wernicke documented an ailment in three patients that included paralysis of ocular movements, ataxia, and mental disorientation. The patients, two men with intoxication and a woman with chronic vomiting after ingesting sulfuric acid, showed these signs, fell unconscious and died.