Familial Chordoma is an uncommon tumor that forms in the skull and spine bones. The relics of the notochord, an elastic, rod-like structure that supports the growing embryo, give birth to these tumors. The spine’s bones substitute the notochord throughout fetal development. Chordoma can be caused by notochordal cells that survive in the spinal column. Chordomas are slow-growing tumors that destroy the surrounding bone before spreading into the surrounding tissues.
Chordoma can spread (metastasize) to other organs like lungs, lymph nodes, liver, or other bones through circulation. Although chordoma can form at any age, it is most frequent in those over 50. The tumor’s size and location determine the symptoms of a chordoma.
Almost all chordoma instances occur at random and for no apparent reason. Chordomas can occur in numerous members of the same family in exceedingly uncommon circumstances due to genetic risk factors (familial chordoma).