An eye allergy is otherwise called allergic conjunctivitis, and is an immune reaction that happens when the eye comes into contact with an irritant. This irritant substance is known as an allergen. Allergens may include dust, smoke or pollen.
The immune system regularly shields the body against harmful organisms and substances, such as infections and microscopic organisms. In individuals with eye allergy, the immune system confuses an allergen for a risky substance. This makes the immune system make compounds that battle against the allergen, despite the fact that it is safe. The response prompts various irritating symptoms such as irritated, red, and watery eyes. In a few people, eye allergies may likewise be identified with skin inflammation and asthma.
Over-the-counter medicines can help in relieving eye allergy manifestations; however individuals with extreme hypersensitivities may require extra treatment.
Symptoms of eye allergies are the following:
- Itching or burning eyes
- Watery eyes
- Red or pink eyes
- Scaling in the eyes
- Swollen or puffy eyelids
One or both eyes might be affected. At times, these symptoms may be accompanies by runny nose, cough or wheezing.
Eye allergies are diagnosed by an allergist, or somebody who has practical experience in diagnosing and treating sensitivities. Seeing an allergist is especially important in the event that you may have other allergic symptoms like asthma or dermatitis.
The allergist will initially get some information about your medical history and symptoms, including when they began and how long you have been having them. They will then do a skin prick test to know the fundamental reason for your symptoms. A skin prick test includes pricking the skin and embeddings little amounts of suspected allergens in the skin to check whether there is an unfavourable response. A red, swollen lump will show a hypersensitive response. This enables the allergist to distinguish which allergens you are most sensitive to, enabling them to decide the best course of treatment.
The most ideal approach to treat an eye allergy is to keep away from the allergen that is causing it. However, this isn’t possible, particularly if you have seasonal allergies. Fortunately, there are various treatments that can alleviate eye allergic symptoms.
Medicines that may be given include the following:
- Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine
- Allergy Shots or immunotherapy
- Eye drops