ENTEROVIRUS INFECTIONS (NON-POLIO)

Enterovirus infections (non-polio) are a class of viruses that induce various diseases, often resulting in moderate symptoms like a cold or a severe sickness with symptoms similar to polio. They produce more than 10 million illnesses in the U.S. every year and are linked to severe flaccid myelitis, which causes paralysis and weakness in kids.

Furthermore, in certain situations, particularly in young infants or adults with impaired immunity, enterovirus infections (non-polio) could lead to significant problems. This infection is typically spread via intimate physical interaction with an infected individual. The virus is present in blister fluid, feces, and saliva. When you come into contact with a sneezed-on surface, shake your fingers, or change diapers, you would’ve been exposed to the virus if you subsequently touched your mouth or face without thoroughly washing your hands.

TYPES

Enterovirus infections (non-polio) were divided into four types:

  • Echoviruses
  • Coxsackievirus B
  • Coxsackievirus A
  • Polioviruses

SYMPTOMS

Infected individuals with enterovirus infections (non-polio) frequently show no symptoms or minor diseases, such as the common cold. Mild sickness symptoms could include:

  • Muscle and body pains
  • Mouth blisters
  • Sore throat
  • Skin rash
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Fever

Enterovirus infections (non-polio) may also result in the following:

  • Inflammatory muscle conditions 
  • Acute flaccid paralysis
  • Pericarditis
  • Myocarditis 
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Viral meningitis
  • Mouth, foot, and hand disease
  • Viral conjunctivitis

These more severe consequences are more likely in newborns and those with compromised immune systems. 

DIAGNOSIS

The presence of enterovirus infections is determined by the following:

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, which is a genetic diagnosis.
  • Separating the virus in cultured cells and then identifying it using PCR.
  • Respiratory samples, such as the blistering fluid discharge, cerebrospinal fluid, blood or throat, rectal swabs, and stool, may all be used to obtain samples.

TREATMENT

Apart from symptomatic therapy, there is no particular medication for mild enterovirus infections (non-polio). Serious diseases frequently necessitate hospitalization for specialist care. Furthermore, there is no vaccination to guard against this illness. The best approach to avoid the transmission of enteroviruses is to remain indoors while unwell and to frequently wash with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds. 

Washing hands is particularly crucial after having direct contact with ill persons, changing nappies, or utilizing the restroom. Sanitizing and cleaning commonly touched areas on a routine basis may also assist in avoiding the transmission of enterovirus infections.

Related Articles

ZYGOMYCOSIS

Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Zygomycosis, also known as mucormycosis, is a dangerous but uncommon fungal [...]

YERSINIOSIS

Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Yersiniosis is a kind of infection. It is caused by the [...]

VARICELLA-ZOSTER VIRUS INFECTION

Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Varicella-zoster virus infection is caused by a herpes virus that causes [...]