CROHNS DISEASE

  • Can affect any part of the GI tract.
    • Most commonly occurs in the small intestine and the colon.
    • Has “skip lesions” –involve some parts of the GI tract and skip other part.

The symptoms of Crohn’s disease often develop gradually. Certain symptoms may also become worse over time.

The earliest symptoms of Crohn’s disease can include:

    • diarrhea
    • abdominal cramps
    • blood in your stool
    • a fever
    • fatigue
    • a loss of appetite
    • weight loss
    • feeling as if your bowels aren’t empty after a bowel movement
    • feeling a frequent need for bowel movements

More severe symptoms may include:

    • a perianal fistula, which causes pain and drainage near your anus.
    • ulcers that may occur anywhere from the mouth to the anus.
    • inflammation of the joints and skin.

DIAGNOSIS

  • Physician may do/request:
    • History & Physical Exam
  • Other additional tests such as:
    • Blood tests
    • A stool test
    • Endoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • CT scan or MRI

 

RECOMMENDED MEDICATIONS

  • First-line treatments include anti-inflammatory drugs
    • oral 5-aminosalicylates
    • corticosteroids
  • Immunomodulators
  • Antibiotics
  • Biologic therapies

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