Cobalt exposure can lead to various health concerns and has also been linked to cancer. Cobalt (Co) is a naturally occurring hard, gray metal found in soil, water, plants, animals, humans, and rocks. It is used in batteries, electroplating, tinted glass, surgical implants, paints, and grinding and cutting instruments. Its radioactive isotope is used for food irradiation and imaging. Exposure may affect workers’ hearts, lungs, skin, eyes, and skin health. The dosage, timeframe, and kind of job determine the degree of damage.
Furthermore, some cobalt metal-on-metal hip implants may potentially cause cobalt exposure due to wear and tear. This implant is an artificial hip socket made by inserting a metal ball into a metal cup. Cobalt is sometimes discharged whenever you walk when the metal ball grinds against the metal cup. These metal ions may be discharged into the hip socket and, in certain cases, the bloodstream, resulting in cobalt poisoning.