Clostridium perfringens infection is the most prevalent cause of food poisoning. The bacteria causes over one million foodborne infections every year.

Clostridium perfringens infection is caused by a bacteria that produces spores that enable it to resist dryness, heat, and other environmental factors. When food is stored at an unhealthy temperature, these spores may turn into live bacteria, grow in the food, and generate a toxin (poison) that causes diarrhea. 

Foods prepared in large batches and stored at dangerous temperatures are frequently engaged in food poisoning outbreaks, which are frequently tied to popular holiday delicacies such as roast beef and turkey.


Clostridium perfringens infection may cause the following symptoms:

  • Cramps and pain
  • Increased gas
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle aches
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach bloating
  • Nausea
  • Appetite loss
  • Fatigue

In most cases, being infected with clostridium perfringens infection does not result in fever or vomiting. Infection symptoms often appear 10 to 12 hours following exposure to the bacterium. Symptoms may appear as soon as 6 hours after exposure or as late as 24 hours later.

Symptoms usually last 8 to 12 hours, but in the extremely young or elderly, they may persist for up to 2 weeks.

Moreover, most patients recover entirely from clostridium perfringens infection within 24 hours. Severe dehydration (water loss) may result in rare circumstances, necessitating hospitalization. Dehydration issues are more likely to affect the elderly and small children.


In addition to doing a physical exam and reviewing your medical history, your doctor will question you on your current symptoms of Clostridium perfringens infection, as well as the meals and surroundings in which you spend your time at work and home. It is possible to confirm the diagnosis by doing a stool culture as well as blood testing.


The majority of people who are infected with Clostridium perfringens recover on their own without receiving therapy. If you get ill, be sure to drink a lot of water and other fluids to avoid becoming dehydrated.

Furthermore, over-the-counter oral rehydration salts may be purchased for less severe cases of dehydration. Hospitalization can be necessary in cases of severe dehydration.

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