The narrow opening through which a meibomian gland secretes its material can become clogged from narrowing of the opening or hardening of the sebaceous liquid near the opening.
- Causing swelling of the obstructed gland, which makes the walls of the gland to thicken and causing oil to leak into the lid.
- Leads to inflammation both within the gland and the eyelid (chalaizon)
- Hordeolum/Stye – obstructed gland with bacterial infection.
- Resembles a pimple
- May be tender to touch
- A chalazion is not an infection but may follow or precede a hordeolum.