• Form due to the uncontrolled division in cell which forms a mass of tissue
  • Majority of bone tumors are benign (non-cancerous) but can still cause weakening of bones causing fractures and other problems
  • Cancer of the bones destroy nomarl tissues and may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body

Types of Benign Bone tumors

  • Osteochondroma
    • most common benign bone tumor; common in people under 20y/o.
  • Giant cell tumor
    • typically affects the leg
  • Osteoid osteoma
    • often found in long bones: commonly those in their early 20s.
  • Osteoblastoma
    • single tumor that occurs in the spine and long bones: commonly found in young adults.
  • Enchondroma
    • an often asymptomatic tumor Usually found in the bones of hand and feet; most common type of hand tumor

Primary Bone Sarcoma

  • Tumor that forms first in bone
  • Usually of an unknown cause but heredity may be a factor
  • High-dose radiation therapy or cancer drugs may increase the risk of this type of cancer

Some common types of bone cancer:

  • Osteosarcoma
    • begins in bone cells; most common in the are around thee knee and upper arm.;Most common in teens and young adults.
  • Ewing’s sarcoma
    • Begins in bone cells but may also arise from soft tissue; Found in those between the ages of 5 and 20; Common sites are the ribs, pelvis, leg, and upper arm
  • Chondrosarcoma
    • Begins in cartilage cells; most often found in those between 40 and 70. Common sites are the hip, pelvis, leg, arm, and shoulder; begins in cartilage cells


Symptoms of Bone Tumors

May include:

  • Pain in the tumor area
    • often felt as dull or achy
    • Worsens with activity
    • Often awakens people at night
  • Fevers
  • Night sweats
  • Unusual swelling around a bone
  • Limping

If you think you might have a bone tumor, see your doctor right way. Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and medical history and conduct a physical exam. You may need blood and imaging tests. To confirm a diagnosis, your doctor may remove tissue through a needle or incision and have it examined under a microscope for signs of cancer. This is called a biopsy.


Physician may do/request:

  • History & Physical Exam
  • X-ray
  • Biopsy



Common types of Bone Cancer Treatment:

  • Limb salvage surgery
    • removes the part of the bone with cancer
    • A metallic implant (prosthesis) replaces the portion of bone that was removed.
  • Amputation
    • may be needed for large or widespread tumors
    • A prosthetic limb can aid function after amputation.
  • Radiation therapy
    • Kills cancer cells and shrinks tumors with high-dose X-ray
    • Often used in combination with surgery and may be used before or after surgery
  • Systemic chemotherapy
    • Kills tumor cells that have spread through the bloodstream with cancer drugs
    • May be given before surgery, after surgery, or for metastatic disease

Participation in clinical trial, which tests new therapies may be recommended by your physician.

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