BASEDOWS DISEASE

Basedows disease, which causes hyperthyroidism arises when the thyroid gland generates too much thyroid hormone. Graves’ disease is another name for this autoimmune disorder. The thyroid gland is located near the front of the throat. It makes hormones that control various bodily activities, including digestion and brain function. However, anxiety, diarrhea, and skin abnormalities are just a few of the symptoms of Basedow’s disease. Effective and safe treatment options can help many people with this disease live long and happy lives.

SYMPTOMS

The most common symptoms of Basedows disease are:

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability or anxiety
  • Heat sensitivity
  • Hands or fingers tremor
  • Abnormalities in menstrual cycles
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Enlargement of thyroid gland
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Red or thick skin
  • Palpitations
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Bulging eyes

Graves’ Ophthalmopathy

Between 25% and 50% of persons with Basedow’s illness have problems with their eyes. The following are some of the most common symptoms of Graves’ ophthalmopathy.

  • Dry eyes
  • Irritation
  • Redness
  • Gritty sensation
  • Bulging eyes due to puffiness and retracting eyelids
  • Puffiness and inflammation around the eyes

More severe eye abnormalities emerge in less than 10% of cases, such as:

  • Double vision
  • Eye pain
  • Light sensitivity
  • Optic nerve problems, which can significantly impair your vision

Graves’ Dermopathy

The skin is affected by Graves’ dermopathy. Basedow’s disease affects just a tiny percentage of persons. Pretibial myxedema is another name for this condition.

The shins and even the tops of your feet are affected. There, the skin becomes thick, red, and lumpy. Graves’ dermopathy is normally painless, but it can be painful in certain persons.

The signs and symptoms of Basedows disease can be caused by a variety of medical disorders. If you have any symptoms that could be related to the condition, see your doctor right away to receive a proper diagnosis.

DIAGNOSIS

In diagnosing Basedows disease, your doctor may perform a physical examination and ask you about your symptoms and medical history. Also, the following tests are used to diagnose Basedow’s disease:

  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Radioactive iodine uptake

TREATMENT

Thyroid activity is reduced as part of the treatment for Basedow’s disease. The following are the primary treatments:

  • Surgery
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Anti-Thyroid medications
  • Beta-blockers

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