Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is an inherited medical condition wherein bunches of cysts grow inside your kidneys, making your kidneys swell and become dysfunctional after some time. Cysts are benign round sacs that contain fluid. The cysts may change in size, and they can become extremely enormous. Having numerous growths or huge cysts can harm your kidneys.

Polycystic kidney disease additionally can make growths form in your liver and somewhere else in your body. The disease can cause genuine complications, including hypertension and kidney problems.

PKD differs significantly in its seriousness, and its complications can be prevented. Way of life changes and medications may help diminish harm to your kidneys.


The symptoms of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease may include the following:

  • High blood pressure
  • Back or side pain
  • Headache
  • A feeling of fullness in your abdomen
  • Increased size of your abdomen due to enlarged kidneys
  • Blood in your urine
  • Kidney stones
  • Kidney failure
  • Urinary tract or kidney infections


For polycystic kidney disease, some tests can distinguish the size and number of kidney cysts that you have and assess the function of the kidneys. These tests may include the following:


During a ultrasound, a wandlike gadget called a transducer is set on your body. It produces sound waves that are reflected back to the transducer, like sonar. A computer deciphers the reflected sound waves into views of your kidneys.

CT scan

As you lie on a table, you’re guided into a space that focuses x-rays through your body. Your physician can see cross-sectional views of your kidneys.

MRI scan

As you lie inside an enormous chamber, magnetic fields and radio waves produce cross-sectional images of your kidneys.



Treating polycystic kidney disease includes managing the accompanying signs, manifestations and complications that may include the following:


Controlling hypertension can preserve the function of the kidneys. Consuming a low-sodium, low-fat diet that is moderate in protein and calorie content, not smoking, exercising, and diminishing stress may help control hypertension. Hypertension can also be controlled by medicines such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers.


Pain can be relieved with over-the-counter drugs containing acetaminophen. For certain individuals, the pain may be increasingly extreme and consistent. In rare cases, your physician may suggest surgery to remove kidney cysts if they cause pain and pressure.

Bladder or kidney infections

Treatment of infections with antibiotics is important to prevent kidney harm.

Related Articles


Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a congenital disorder that causes excessive sun [...]


Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of skin cancer resulting from [...]


Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare skin cancer originating in the skin's [...]