ARBOVIRUS A CHIKUNGUNYA TYPE Overview, Facts, Types,Symptoms- Watsons Health
ARBOVIRUS A CHIKUNGUNYA TYPE

ARBOVIRUS A CHIKUNGUNYA TYPE

Chikungunya is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. It causes fever and joint pain. Distinctive signs and symptoms may include muscle pain, headache, and rash. Signs and symptoms of chikungunya typically appear within two to seven days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

SYMPTOMS

Most people infected with chikungunya will develop certain symptoms:

  • Symptoms may begin 3– 7 days after being bitten by an infected
  • The most common symptoms are fever and joint
  • Other signs may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
  • Chikungunya disease does not always result in death, but the symptoms can be serious and debilitating.
  • Most patients feel better withinseven days. In specific people, joint pain may proceed for some time.
  • People at risk include babies who are infected at the timeof birth, senior adults greater than 65 years of age, and people with illnesses such as hypertension, diabetes, or heart disease.
  • Once an individual has been infected, the person is most likely protected from future infections.

DIAGNOSIS

The signs and symptoms of chikungunya resemble those of dengue and Zika, which are infections that are spread by the same mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya. If you plan to travel to that place, tell your doctor when and where you will travel. Your doctor may request for blood tests to check for chikungunya or other identical diseases like dengue and Zika.

TREATMENT

There is no vaccine or medicine to treat chikungunya infections.

To treat the signs and symptoms:

  • Get more rest
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Take analgesic such as acetaminophen or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain
  • Do not take migraine medications and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue is ruled out
  • If you are taking medicines for another condition, talk to your doctor before taking additional medications
  • If you have chikungunya, avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes during the first week of your illness

 

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